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清三代龙纹双耳鹿头尊12964465

藏品价格
议价
质地
瓷质
经手人
李总监
藏品年代
清代
藏品来源
重庆
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  • 藏品编号 12964465
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  • 瓷尊,今作瓷樽,是中国古代的一种大中型盛酒器。尊的形制圈足,圆腹或方腹,长颈,敞口,口径较大。尊盛行于商代至西周时期,春秋后期已经少见。较著名的有四羊方尊。商周至战国时期,还有另外一类形制特殊的盛酒器—瓷牺尊。牺尊通常呈鸟兽状,有羊、虎、象、豕、牛、马、鸟、雁、凤等形象。瓷牺尊纹饰华丽,在背部或头部有尊盖。
        尊的形体可分为有肩大口尊、觚形尊等几类。有肩大口尊的器形,初始当与陶质或原始青瓷的大口尊有关,基本式样如下:   大口宽折肩式,上口侈大,口径与肩宽接近,颈较高,下部收缩,呈大喇叭状,肩甚宽而微鼓,上饰三牺首,自肩下折为腹,呈弧形收敛作园底状;大口圆肩式,上口侈大,口径超过肩的直径,肩广,凸起丰圆,上饰三牺首,下承圈足较低;高体大口折肩式,形体近于大口圆肩式,而圈足和颈部特别高;甚高体大口式,整体造型甚高,颈高,口径收小近于肩径;低体大口折肩式,仍保持大喇叭口,但颈、腹及圈足都较低;低体大口宽肩方体式,颈与圈足皆不高,与器腹三段接近均衡状。 四羊方尊
        除上述各式瓷尊外,商周至战国期间还有瓷牺尊。将尊铸成牛、羊、虎、象、豕、马、鸟、雁、凤等动物形象,统称为牺尊。牺尊上装饰有各种华丽的纹饰,兽背或头做成尊盖,既是实用器皿,又是艺术价值极高的工艺品。
        其形制为敞口,粗颈、深腹、圜底、圈足。商代有原始青瓷尊,北朝青釉仰覆莲花尊形体高大精美,颇为富丽。宋以后瓷尊盛行,用于盛酒或做宫廷陈设用器,如汝窑三足尊、出戟尊。清景德镇窑产品丰富,有苹果尊、鱼篓尊、石榴尊、太白尊、马蹄尊、络子尊、百 尊、萝卜尊、观音尊、牛头尊等等。
      大中型盛酒器和礼器。流行于商周时期,春秋后期偶有所见。尊与彝一样,原是成组礼器的共称,宋朝之后开始专指一类器物。尊的基本造型是侈口,长颈,圆腹或方腹,高圈足。商早中期,尊均有肩,圈足上多带“十”字孔,主要是圆体尊。商晚期至西周早期有方形尊和觚形尊。方形尊仍带肩,肩上多饰有数个圆雕兽头;觚形尊又称大口筒形尊,形似抓而体较粗,商晚期圈足上有“十”字孔或象征性的“十”字,西周早期“十”字消失。这两种尊器表多饰有凸起的靡棱,雕铸着繁绳厚重的蕉叶、云雷和兽面纹,显得雄浑而神秘。西周时,又出现了垂腹的圆尊,形状为大口,长颈,鼓腹下垂,圈足低矮。整件器物线条柔和,花纹也比较简单,已失去了有肩的圆、方形尊和抓形尊的气势。

    Porcelain Respect, now known as Porcelain Bottle, is a large and medium-sized wine-holding vessel in ancient China. The shape of Zun's ring foot, round or square belly, long neck, open, large caliber. Respect prevailed from the Shang Dynasty to the Western Zhou Dynasty, and was rare in the late Spring and Autumn Period. The more famous one is Siyang Fangzun. From Shang and Zhou Dynasties to Warring States Period, there was another special type of wine-holding vessel, Porcelain. He Zun usually takes the shape of a bird or animal, with the images of sheep, tiger, elephant, goat, cattle, horse, bird, goose and phoenix. Porcelain is ornately decorated with a venerable lid on the back or head. The respectful forms can be divided into shoulder, mouth and shape respects. The shape with shoulder and mouth respects is initially related to the large mouth respects of ceramics or primitive celadon. The basic patterns are as follows: large mouth and shoulder width folded shoulder, luxurious upper mouth, close to shoulder width, high neck, lower contraction, big trumpet shape, wide shoulder and slight drum, upper decoration three dozen heads, folded from shoulder to abdomen, curved convergence as garden bottom; large mouth and round shoulder type, luxurious upper mouth, caliber exceeding shoulder shape. Diameter, shoulder wide, protruding round, top trim head, lower bearing ring foot; high body, large mouth fold shoulder type, shape close to large mouth round shoulder type, while ring foot and neck are particularly high; very high body, large mouth type, overall shape is very high, neck height, caliber close to shoulder diameter; low body, large mouth fold shoulder type, still maintain large bell mouth, but lower neck, abdomen and ring foot; low body, large mouth, wide shoulder cuboid type, low body, wide shoulder type. Neck and circumferential foot are not high, and close to the three segments of the abdomen. Siyang Fangzun: In addition to the above-mentioned various kinds of ceramics, there were ceramics from Shang and Zhou Dynasties to Warring States Period. The image of Zun as a cattle, sheep, tiger, elephant, pony, horse, bird, goose, Phoenix and other animals is collectively called Xu Zun. There are all kinds of gorgeous ornaments on it. The animal's back or head is made into a venerable cover. It is not only a practical utensil, but also a handicraft with high artistic value. Its shape is open, thick neck, deep abdomen, bottom and ring foot. In Shang Dynasty, there was primitive celadon worship. In Northern Dynasty, the blue glaze overturned the lotus worship, which was tall and exquisite and quite rich. Porcelain worship prevailed after the Song Dynasty. It was used for wine or for Palace decoration, such as Ru kiln Sanzu and Baizun. Qingjingdezhen kiln has abundant products, such as apple respect, fish basket respect, pomegranate respect, Taibai respect, horseshoe respect, Luozi respect, 100 respect, radish respect, Guanyin respect, Niutou respect and so on. Large and medium-sized wine and ritual utensils. Popular in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, occasionally seen in the late Spring and Autumn Period. Zun, like Yi, was originally a common name for group ritual utensils. After the Song Dynasty, it began to refer to a class of utensils. The basic shape of Zun is luxury, long neck, round or square belly, high circle foot. In the early and middle period of Shang Dynasty, Zun had shoulders, and there were many "ten" holes around his feet, mainly round Zun. From the late Shang Dynasty to the early Western Zhou Dynasty, there were square worship and masked worship.  Square Zun still has shoulders, with several round carved animal heads on his shoulders; Hu Zun, also known as the big mouth tube Zun, looks like grasping but has a thicker body. In the late Shang Dynasty, there were "ten" holes or symbolic "ten" characters on the feet, and the "ten" characters disappeared in the early Western Zhou Dynasty. These two kinds of venerable wares are mostly decorated with prominent ridges and carved with thick ropes of banana leaves, cloud thunder and animal face patterns, which are powerful and mysterious. In the Western Zhou Dynasty, there was a bowed round dignity, with a large mouth, a long neck, a drooping belly and a low ring foot. The whole article is soft in line and simple in pattern. It has lost the momentum of round, square and grabbing respects with shoulders.

    磁器の尊、今の磁器の樽、中国の古代の大きい中型の酒器です。体の形は、丸い腹や腹、首、口を開いて口を開いて、口径が大きい。商代から西周に至るまで、春秋後期からは珍しい。有名なのは4羊の方尊いです。商周から戦国時代にかけては、他にも、他にも特殊な酒器の陶磁器があります。羊、虎、ゾウ、牛、馬、鳥、雁、鳳などのイメージがあります。ベージュの紋様は、背中や頭にはカバーがあります。ポテンシャルは、肩口尊、文形尊など何種類もある。肩の大柄の器の形があって、初期は陶質や原始青磁の大口の尊と関係があります。基本的な様式は次の通りです:大口の幅は肩幅が大きくて、口径と肩の幅は接近して、首が高くて、下部が収縮して、大きなラッパ状を呈して、肩が広くてマイクロドラム、上から三泊首、肩の下から腹を折って、弧を呈して園の底状に収斂します。の直径は、肩が広くて、大きくて丸い、上に3つの犠牲者は、下では、上下の幅が低く、高体の大口の折り肩式があり、形や首は特に高く、その上、足や首は特に高く、全体の形は非常に高く、首が高くて、口の高さは肩に近い。首も輪も高くないし、器の三段とバランスに近い。四羊の方尊は、上述の各式の磁器の尊を除いて、商周から戦国に至るまで、磁器の犠牲者があります。牛、羊、虎、象、小判、馬、鳥、雁、鳳などの動物のイメージを作る。多くの華麗な紋様が飾られていて、獣の背や頭でカバーを作り、実用的な器であり、芸術的価値の高い工芸品である。その形は、その形が開いていて、太い首、深い腹、底、輪を持っています。商代には原始青磁器尊があり、北青は蓮の花の尊さを仰ぎ、立派で美しい。宋以降の磁器の尊は盛んにして、酒を盛るのに使うかあるいは宮廷の陳設用器を作るために使用して、もし汝のかまどの三足尊、出撃尊のようです。清景徳鎮窯の製品は豊富で、リンゴ尊、魚かご尊、ザクロ尊、太白尊、馬蹄尊、練子尊、百尊、大根尊、観音尊、牛頭尊などがあります。大中型酒器と講器です。商周の時期に流行して、春秋後期に偶然に会ったことがある。尊と伊達と同様に、元は成組講器の共説で、宋代になってから一種の器物を指すようになった。尊の基本的なスタイルは、大々的に口を開いて、首を長くして、円の腹あるいは方の腹、高い輪があります。商の朝の中期には、肩があって、「十」の字の穴が多く、主に円体尊である。商晩期から西周の早期には四角形と文形尊があります。正方形の尊は依然として肩を持って、肩の上に多く数個の円彫獣の頭を飾ります;文章の形はまた大口の筒形尊を称して、形はつかむように体は比較的に太くて、商晩の期間は“十”の字の孔あるいはシンボルの“十”の字があって、西周の早期の“十”の字は消えています。この2種類の体の器の多飾りは浮き立たせていて、深い縄を彫って厚い葉、雲雷、獣の面紋を彫って、雄渾で神秘的である。西周の時、また腹を垂らす丸い尊が現れて、形は大口になって、首を長くして、腹を鼓して垂れ下がって、輪が低くて低いです。器物のラインが柔らかく、柄も簡単で、肩のある円、四角形、掴み尊の勢いが失われています。

    자존, 금작자기술잔, 중국고대의큰중형술그릇.존의형제는둥근배나네모난배, 긴목, 넓은입구, 구경이비교적크다.상대에서서주까지성행하여춘추후기에는이미보기드물다.저명한것은네양의존엄이다.상주에서전국시대까지또다른형태로특수한성주기 — 자존도있다.희생존은보통새와짐승의모양을띠고, 양, 호랑이, 코끼리, 소, 말, 새, 기러기, 봉봉등의이미지를가지고있다.사기에는희생존결이화려하고, 등이나머리에는존개가있다.존의형체는어깨가크고존자, 모형존등몇종류로나눌수있다.어깨가크고어깨가큰그릇형, 처음에는도질이나원시청자의대구존과관련되어있어기본은아래와같다: 대구넓은어깨, 상구크기, 어깨가넓고어깨가넓고어깨가넓고어깨가높고, 하부수축, 어깨가넓고어깨가넓고, 어깨가넓고, 어깨가굵고, 세가지머리를장식하고, 어깨를아래로접고, 아크라인이원형수렴, 어깨가큰어깨를넘고, 입맛이어깨가크고, 입맛이어깨가어깨가크고, 입으로는어깨가크다, 입으로는어깨가크고어깨가크다.커다란직경, 어깨가넓고, 풍원, 위에세개의머리, 하승구족은낮고, 높은입에서어깨를크게접는형태로, 몸은넓은어깨와어깨를가깝게하고, 커다란목과목의크기가높고, 전체적으로높고, 목은높고, 목은높고, 목은높고, 목은어깨가좁고, 저체는어깨가굵은어깨가굵고, 목은굵은어깨가낮고, 저체는어깨가넓고어깨가넓고어깨가넓고어깨가굵은체격이낮다.목과동그라미는모두높지않고, 기복과3단이균형형에가깝다.4양측존은상주 (天) 에서전국기간까지희생 (희생) 을존한다.사자를소, 양, 호랑이, 코끼리, 말, 새, 기러기, 봉황등동물의형상으로주조하여, 희생, 호랑이, 호랑이, 코끼리, 말, 새, 기러기, 봉황등동물의형상으로통칭하다.희생존상은각종화려한무늬장식, 짐승등이나머리로존존뚜껑을만들고, 실용그릇이자예술가치높은공예품이다.그형태는넓고굵은목, 깊은배, 바닥, 굽이상왕에는원시청자존이있고, 북조청유는복연화존체의정교함과정교함으로매우풍부하다.송이후자존이성행하여술을담거나궁정진설용기에쓰여여가삼족존과같이창존을내세운다.청경덕진가마제품은풍부하고사과존, 어광주리존존, 석류존, 태백존, 말발굽존존, 백존, 무존존, 관음존, 우두존등등이있다.대중형술그릇과예기.상주시기에유행하고춘추후기에우연히볼수있다.존과상과마찬가지로기존성조예기라는공칭은송나라이후부터일류기물을가리키기시작했다.존의기본적인스타일링은사치구, 긴목, 둥근배또는네모난복부, 높이.상업중반, 존은모두어깨가있고, 동네에십자가많이달렸고, 주로원체존이다.장사말기에서서주까지조기에네모꼴존함이있다.네모난존은여전히어깨에여러개의둥근조각수의머리, 네모꼴형형존존칭, 형형형상, 마치잡고있는것같기도하고체격이굵고, 장수말기동네에십자또는상징성있는 ‘ 십 ’ 자, 서주조기 ‘ 십 ’ 자가사라진다.이두종류의존기시계는볼록하게부각되어있고, 줄의두꺼운풀잎과구름과짐승의무늬를주조하여웅장하고신비해보인다.서주에는또배를늘어뜨리는원존이나타났고, 모양은큰입, 긴목, 북은아래로늘어지고, 동그랗게늘어졌다.전체기물라인이부드럽고무늬도간단하고어깨가있는둥근사각형존과형존을잃고있다.

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